Qutub Muhiyuddin Abdul Qadir Jailani, also known as Ghouse-e Azam, is one of the greatest scholars in Islamic history held in very high esteem by Muslims throughout the Middle East ,Pakistan, India, Bangladesh,Sri Lanka, Malaysia and even as far as Indonesia.
In view of his extreme piety, depth of knowledge, simple life and miracles performed and other such noble qualities some call him a saint while others describe him as the saint of all saints.
I had heard so much about him that during my first visit to Baghdad in 1976 the first thing I did was to visit the mosque where his mausoleum is. The tranquil and peaceful environment in the mosque attract the visitors like magnet that I used to go for Maghrib prayer and stay there till Isha prayer during my weeklong stay in Baghdad.
Thousands of people were seen around. Some reciting the holy Quran, some discussing teachings of Islam in groups while others sitting around the mausoleum enveloped by the smell of traditional incense all over the mosque which contained more than 40,000 rare books.
Qutub Mohiyuddin was born into a pious family in the Iranian village of Naif in the south of the Caspian Sea on 18 March 1077. His father died when he was young .Early in life, with the permission of his mother, he proceeded to pursue his knowledge in Baghdad, the only seat of learning in the whole world. He died in the evening on Saturday 15 January 1166 at the age of ninety-one years. His body was entombed in a shrine within his madrassa in Babul-Sheikh, Resafa (East bank of the Tigris) in Baghdad, Iraq.
During his life he had mysteriously disappeared for around 13 years during which he had, as believed by millions, meditated in Dafter Jailani or Kurugala (15 miles off Balangoda) thousands of feet above land level, covered with dense jungle growth.